Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature death and disease worldwide (1). Globally, more than 7 million people die each year from tobacco-related illnesses (more than 6 million from direct tobacco use and approximately 890,000 non-smokers being exposed to secondhand smoke) (1), and if current trends continue, this number is expected to increase to more than 8 million a year by 2030 (2). An efficient and systematic surveillance system is important to monitor tobacco use and evaluate tobacco prevention and control interventions (3). Monitoring and tracking of tobacco use and policies provides a foundation of effective tobacco control policy development and implementation (4).
The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) is a nationally representative household survey of people age 15 years or older that is used to monitor adult tobacco use and to track key tobacco control indicators across countries. The use of a standard GATS protocol including standard questionnaire, and sampling methodology allows countries to generate survey results that are comparable across countries.
Ethiopia GATS was implemented by Ethiopia Public Health Institute (EPHI) in collaboration with the Ethiopian Food, Medicine, Health Care Administration and Control Authority (FMHACA), CSA, FMOH and the World Health Organization (WHO) country office. Technical assistance for the implementation of the survey was provided by the WHO, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and RTI International. Program support was provided by the CDC Foundation. Financial support for Ethiopia GATS was provided by the CDC Foundation with a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.