Building Capacity for Tobacco Control
Assessing the national capacity to implement effective tobacco control policies (WHO)
This manual describes a methodology for use by governments and civil society to assess a country’s capacity to implement tobacco control measures effectively. A national capacity assessment is a joint exercise between a government and the WHO, with the participation of national and international partners, which includes an .....
This training package has been prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (the Union). The goal of the training is to facilitate strategic planning and action among those responsible for promoting, developing, implementing and enforcing strong policies .....
Economics of Tobacco Control
Curbing the epidemic: governments and the economics of tobacco control, 1999 (World Bank)
The World Bank examined in a 1999 Report, Curbing the Epidemic, Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control, the economic questions that policymakers must address when contemplating tobacco control. This report demonstrates that the economic fears deterring policymakers from taking action are largely unfounded.
Economics of Tobacco Toolkit, Tool 4: Design and Administer Tobacco Taxes (World Bank)
The purpose of this tool is to help the reader understand the structure, design, and administration of tobacco taxes. There is no doubt about the adverse health impacts of tobacco use. In both developed and developing countries, the Ministries of health, tobacco interest groups, academia, and advocates against tobacco strongly believe....
Raising taxes on tobacco is the most effective policy to reduce tobacco use. It is also the most cost-effective. This short brochure gives examples of how countries including France, the Philippines and Turkey have successfully introduced strong tobacco tax policies. It also breaks down the myths spread by the tobacco ....
Tobacco and Alcohol Excise Taxes for Improving Public Health and Revenue Outcomes: Marrying Sin and Virtue? (World Bank)
Excise taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been a dependable and significant revenue source in many countries. More recently, considerable attention has been paid to the way in which such taxes may also be used to attain public health objectives by reducing the consumption of products with adverse health and....
This manual aims to provide readers, particularly policy-makers based in ministries of finance, with the relevant instruments for implementing an effective and efficient tax on tobacco products. It provides an overview of the different types of taxes applicable to tobacco, their strengths and weaknesses, and examines.....
The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first international treaty negotiated under the auspices of WHO. It was adopted by the World Health Assembly on 21 May 2003 and entered into force on 27 February 2005.
At its third session in November 2008, the Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted guidelines for implementation of Article 5.3 of the WHO FCTC on the protection of public health policies with respect to tobacco control from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry (decision FCTC/COP3(7).
Guidelines for implementation of Article 6 of the WHO FCTC
Tax and price policies are widely recognized to be one of the most effective means of influencing the demand for and thus the consumption of tobacco products. Consequently, implementation of Article 6 of the WHO FCTC is an essential element of tobacco-control policies and thereby efforts to improve public health.
Guidelines for implementation of Article 8 of the WHO FCTC
Consistent with other provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the intentions of the Conference of the Parties, these guidelines are intended to assist Parties in meeting their obligations under Article 8 of the Convention.
Partial guidelines for implementation of Article 9 and 10 of the WHO FCTC
The purpose of the guidelines is to assist Parties in meeting their obligations under Articles 9 and 10 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). The guidelines, drawing on the best available scientific evidence and the experience of Parties, propose measures that may assist Parties ....
Guidelines for implementation of Article 11 of the WHO FCTC
Consistent with other provisions of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the intentions of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention, these guidelines are intended to assist Parties in meeting their obligations under Article 11 of the Convention, and to propose measures that Parties can use ....
Guidelines for implementation of Article 12 of the WHO FCTC
The purpose of the guidelines is to assist Parties in meeting their obligations under Article 12 and other related articles of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The guidelines propose measures to increase the effectiveness of education, communication and training efforts that raise public awareness ....
Guidelines for implementation of Article 13 of the WHO FCTC
The purpose of these guidelines is to assist Parties in meeting their obligations under Article 13 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. They draw on the best available evidence and the experience of Parties that have successfully implemented effective measures against tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
The purpose of these guidelines is to assist Parties in meeting their obligations under Article 14 of the WHO FCTC, consistent with their obligations under other provisions of the Convention and with the intentions of the Conference of the Parties, on the basis of the best available scientific evidence and taking into account national circumstances and priorities.
Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (WHO)
The new treaty aims at eliminating all forms of illicit trade in tobacco products. It provides tools for preventing illicit trade by securing the supply chain, including by establishing an international tracking and tracing system, by countering illicit trade through dissuasive law enforcement measures and a suite of measures to enable international cooperation.
Tobacco control legislation: an introductory guide (WHO)
This guide systematically discusses the information that will be needed to develop tobacco control legislation. It can be applied to the enactment of legislation at the national,subnational and local levels. The guide considers the role of legislation, key terms and concepts, capacity-building, strategic choices in legislation ....
The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and its guidelines provide the foundation for countries to implement and manage tobacco control. To help make this a reality, WHO introduced the MPOWER measures. These measures are intended to assist in the country-level implementation of effective ....
The Role of the Media in Promoting and Reducing Tobacco Use (National Cancer Institute, USA)
The work presented in the National Cancer Institute’s Tobacco Control Monograph 19, The Role of the Media in Promoting and Reducing Tobacco Use, is the most current and comprehensive distillation of the scientific literature on media communications in tobacco promotion and tobacco control.
Monitoring the Tobacco Industry
Tobacco industry strategies to undermine tobacco control activities at the World Health Organization, 2000 (WHO)
Evidence from tobacco industry documents reveals that tobacco companies have operated for many years with the deliberate purpose of subverting the efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO) to control tobacco use.
This technical resource presents information to support the implementation of the Article 5.3 Guidelines by sharing practical action steps and best practices and examples applicable to the implementation of Article 5.3. This technical resource should be used in association with the text of the WHO Framework Convention and with its Article 5.3 Guidelines.
Tobacco industry interference with tobacco control, 2009 (WHO)
The tobacco industry has historically employed a multitude of tactics to shape and influence tobacco control policy. The tobacco industry has used its economic power, lobbying and marketing machinery, and manipulation of the media to discredit scientific research and influence governments in order to propagate the sale and....
Tobacco industry and corporate responsibility ... an inherent contradiction, 2004 (WHO)
This document has been developed by WHO’S Tobacco Free Initiative, pursuant to WHA Resolution 54.18, Transparency in Tobacco Control Process, that “calls on WHO to continue to inform Member States on activities of the tobacco industry that have negative impact on tobacco control efforts”.
This paper focuses on the development of Philip Morris’s position on Environmental Tobacco Smoke [ETS] for its websites. Internal documents have been searched from 1999 to present. Searches were conducted from October to December, 2003. In particular, the paper focuses on drafts prepared by Philip Morris from ....
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDS)
The burden of disease is shifting, with an increasing portion of illness caused by non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer. These are the leading causes of death and disability around the world and will be responsible for more than 75% of all deaths in 2030.
Global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs 2013-2020 (WHO)
The action plan provides a road map and a menu of policy options for all Member States and other stakeholders, to take coordinated and coherent action, at all levels, local to global, to attain the nine voluntary global targets, including that of a 25% relative reduction in premature mortality from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory diseases by 2025.
WHO tools to prevent and control non-communicable diseases (WHO)
This section provides links to WHO tools for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) - from setting national targets and developing national multisectoral policies and plans to measuring results. The list of tools is not exhaustive but is intended to provide information and guidance on effectiveness and ......
WHO Global Status Report on NCDs (WHO)
This global status report on prevention and control of NCDs (2014), is framed around the nine voluntary global targets. The report provides data on the current situation, identifying bottlenecks as well as opportunities and priority actions for attaining the targets. The 2010 baseline estimates on NCD mortality and risk factors.....
United Nations high-level meeting on non - communicable disease prevention and control (WHO)
Non communicable diseases - or NCDs - like heart attacks and strokes, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory disease account for over 63% of deaths in the world today. Every year, NCDs kill 9 million people under 60. The socio-economic impact is staggering. Download here the Political declaration adopted at the UN General Assembly, Summary report of the discussions at the round tables.
Pictorial Health Warnings and Plain Packaging
Plain or Standardized Tobacco Packaging: International Developments – Updated February 2017
Laws adopted and in force AUSTRALIA – • December 1, 2011 Tobacco Plain Packaging Act adopted; December 1, 2012 Tobacco Plain Packaging Regulations came into force.1 • Requirements apply to all tobacco products. • Legal challenges: High Court constitutional challenge by tobacco industry dismissed October 20122; Investment treaty claim by Philip Morris dismissed December 20153; World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute panel ruling due not before May 2017.4
Standardized or Plain Tobacco Packaging
Tobacco companies rely on tobacco pack design as a critical form of marketing. The companies exploit all elements of packaging, including the construction, outer film, tear tape, inner frame, pack inserts and onserts, branding information, and color scheme.1 As part of a comprehensive set of tobacco control measures to reduce smoking rates, laws that mandate standardized or “plain” packaging for tobacco products are intended ....
The main objective is to provide easy access to a database of warnings developed specifically for use in Africa - utilizing pictures taken in and tested across sub-Saharan Africa - for governments in the region that would like to implement graphic warnings on tobacco packaging. It thereby facilitates their implementation of Articles 11 (packaging and labelling) and 12 (education and public awareness) of the Convention.
Article 11 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) requires Parties to the Convention to implement large, rotating health warnings on all tobacco product packaging and labelling. Pictorial health warnings on tobacco packages are a cost-effective means to increase public awareness about the dangers .....
Warn about the dangers of tobacco: packaging and labelling of tobacco products
Building capacity for tobacco control: training package (WHO and The Union)
This training package has been prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (the Union). The goal of the training is to facilitate strategic planning and action among those responsible for promoting, developing, implementing and enforcing strong.....
Policy recommendations on protection from exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke, 2007 (WHO)
The recommendations aim to elucidate for WHO Member States the science on SHS exposure as well as the health and economic benefits of smoke-free laws and to guide decision-makers in developing and implementing evidence-based and enforceable smoke-free policies.
This publication is the result of a joint project between the WHO Tobacco Free Initiative (TFI) and the WHO Centre for Health Development (Kobe Centre). It is intended as a technical resource to assist Member States implementing Article 8 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and its guidelines in order to fully protect people from tobacco smoke.
A Guide to Tobacco-Free Mega Events (WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific)
Making your city smoke-free: workshop package
The “Making your city smoke-free” workshop is specifically designed to facilitate strategic planning and action at city level aiming the implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free policy. The purpose of this training is to equip relevant city teams with the basic knowledge, skills and tools of adult education and with .....
The continued success in global tobacco control is detailed in this year’s WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2015: substantial progress has been made since the entry into force of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) ten years ago.
Smoking in the movies (CDC)
This fact sheet presents an overview and background information on smoking in movies. It also provides findings of research conducted in 2014.
Smoke-free movies: from evidence to action, Second edition (WHO)
WHO releases the second edition of the smoke-free movies report. It underlines the fact that, in some countries, many of the youth-rated films that contain tobacco imagery are the recipients of significant government production subsidies.
WHO calls for enforceable policies to restrict smoking in movies i....
Smokeless Tobacco: Products and Marketing (CDC)
This fact sheet tells about what is smokeless Tobacco, different types of smokeless tobacco products and marketing strategies used by the industry.
Tobacco Farming/Alternative livelihoods
The bulk of the world’s tobacco is produced in low- and middle-income countries. In order to dissuade these countries from implementing policies aimed at curbing tobacco consumption (such as increased taxes, health warnings, advertising bans and smoke-free environments), the tobacco industry claims that tobacco farmers.....
Lighting fires for tobacco control (IDRC)
When it comes to dealing with the ill-effects of tobacco consumption politicians don’t so much see the light as they feel the fire. The question for researchers is: how can we help light the fires that motivate people? We must first bear in mind that funding for tobacco control research is woefully inadequate. T
Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS):
The GYTS was designed in 1998 by the World Health Organization, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and the Canadian Public Health Association as part of the Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS) to assist countries in establishing tobacco control surveillance and monitoring programmes.
Global School Personnel Survey (GSPS):
The GSPS is part of the Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS) designed by the World Health Organization, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and the Canadian Public Health Association to assist countries in establishing tobacco control surveillance and monitoring programmes.
Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS):
The GHPSS is part of the Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS) designed by the World Health Organization, the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and the Canadian Public Health Association to assist countries in establishing tobacco control surveillance and monitoring programmes.
Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS):
The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) is a nationally representative household survey that was launched in February 2007 as a new component of the ongoing Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS). The GATS enables countries to collect data on adult tobacco use and key tobacco control measures.
International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (the ITC Project) Surveys
The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (the ITC Project) is the first international research program for the systematic evaluation of key policies of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) at the population level. The ITC Project is conducting longitudinal cohort surveys in more than 20 countries and includes over 100 tobacco control collaborators.
The Tobacco Atlas (ACS)
The Atlas graphically details the scale of the tobacco epidemic; the harmful influence of tobacco on health, poverty, social justice, and the environment; the progress that has been made in tobacco control; and the latest products and tactics being deployed by the industry to protect its profits and delay and derail tobacco control.
The Cancer Atlas (ACS)
The American Cancer Society, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and the Union for International Cancer Control developed the Cancer Atlas to give the global cancer community a new tool in the fight against cancer. Leaders worldwide can arm themselves with actionable data and insights to make better decisions