WHO FCTC and global governance: effects and implications for future global public health instruments
Experience with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) illustrates the dynamics in global governance processes whereby efforts of treaty secretariats and international organizations combine with political decisions of member states, advocacy by civil society, and philanthropic support to advance the agenda of the treaty. To understand these questions, the article will examine documentation reflecting global governance responses to tobacco control since the Convention’s entry into force in 2005 including the Strategic Plan for the WHO, the development of the Inter-agency Task Force on Noncommunicable Disease, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and United Nations Development Group guidelines for United Nations Development Assistance Frameworks. It also benefited from discussions with officials involved in the design and management of these initiatives. Finally, it draws on the findings of the report of the Expert Group on the Impact Assessment of the WHO FCTC.