FCTC Implementation in Africa
This 10-year report highlights the achievements made in the African Region in implementing the WHO FCTC during the period February 2005 to December 2014.
WE, the Heads of Delegation of Member States from the WHO African Region having convened at the 10th Anniversary celebrations of the entry into force of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in Nairobi, Kenya from 25-27 February 2015……
The objective of the article is to describe, as of July 2011, the status of tobacco control legislation in Africa in three key areas of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)—(1) Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke, (2) Packaging and labelling of tobacco products, and (3) Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship
The objective of the report is to estimate the prevalence of daily smoking by age and sex and the number of cigarettes per smoker per day for 187 countries from 1980 to 2012 (University of Washington)
Africa’s Tobacco Epidemic (University of Bath)
Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) are increasingly shifting their business to relatively untapped markets in parts of the world where the opportunity for growth is largely unrestricted. Nowhere is this underexploited prospect as ripe for the picking as Africa. TTCs are expanding into African countries, where, excluding South Africa, the tobacco market grew by almost 70% through the 1990s and first decade of the 21st century.
Policies for tobacco control in the African Region, 2013
This document provides some key measures in the WHO FCTC and its guidelines that countries should implement for effective tobacco control. It also features the status of some tobacco control policies in the Region.
The information presented in this document is useful to policy-makers, governments and tobacco control advocates, especially for countries in the African Region that have to meet their obligation under Article 13 of the WHO FCTC of developing and enforcing a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
This volume presents the work initiated and executed under the African Tobacco Situational Analyses, a recent major public health initiative sponsored by the Canada’s International Development Research Centre. Conceived to illuminate the factors that will facilitate the reform of Africa’s major public health policies, this program focused particularly (but not exclusively) on policies concerning tobacco.
South Africa was able to implement an effective tobacco control policy over a short period of time. In retrospect the costs were comparatively small; the benefits, mainly in the form of reduced cigarette consumption and reduced tobacco-related mortality and morbidity, were substantial. The main ingredient in South Africa’s strategy was political will. South Africa’s success can be replicated in other countries, as long as the political will and conviction is present.
Tobacco use in Africa has received little attention. The perceived low smoking prevalence in Africa combined with high smoking prevalence in other developing regions, alongside the more immediate needs for interventions with infectious diseases, has resulted in a low priority for tobacco control in Africa.
Tobacco Industry Monitoring
Despite claims of responsibility and transparency, evidence shows BAT has breached its own business mandates, sometimes violating international codes of conduct and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Internal documents describe BAT’s advertising, marketing, and sales strategies in Africa.
Tobacco Industry Expansion
China National Tobacco Corporation’s Global Expansion
China National Tobacco Corporation is the largest tobacco company in the world. This brief begins to describe the complicated web of the company’s global presence, including its network of partnerships and subsidiaries across the tobacco supply chain.
The bulk of the world’s tobacco is produced in low- and middle-income countries. In order to dissuade these countries from implementing policies aimed at curbing tobacco consumption (such as increased taxes, health warnings, advertising bans and smoke-free environments), the tobacco industry claims that tobacco farmers will be negatively affected and that no viable, sustainable alternatives exist.
Pictorial Health Warnings
AFRO Tobacco Pack Warning Resource (WHO and World Lung Foundation)
The main objective is to provide easy access to a database of warnings developed specifically for use in Africa – utilizing pictures taken in and tested across sub-Saharan Africa – for governments in the region that would like to implement graphic warnings on tobacco packaging. It thereby facilitates their implementation of Articles 11 (packaging and labelling) and 12 (education and public awareness) of the Convention.
This document highlights the burden of tobacco use, health risks and prevention measures with a view to improving access by young people to accurate information on tobacco. The information presented in this document is useful to young people, parents, educators, and all tobacco control advocates in the African Region in order to prevent young people from starting tobacco use, and to protect them from exposure to second-hand smoke.
Economic theory predicts that the excise tax structure influences the distribution of cigarette prices. Evidence shows that uniform specific excise tax structures exhibit the least price variability relative to other tax structures. The distribution of cigarette prices under different excise tax structures has never been examined for a group of African countries.